The Disparity in Voting Laws

  Voting laws and restrictions have become a strong topic for debate recently, with voter turnout a new issue in the public eye. As of December 7, 2020, voter turnout was 66.7%, with the highest turnout state, Minnesota, at 80%, and the lowest being at 55% in Oklahoma. 

  This large disparity in turnout will not be helped by the many different voting restrictions and laws being passed in many states. 19 different states have created legislatures making it more difficult for people to vote, opposing 25 states that have made it easier. The 19 states who made it more difficult for states to vote have passed 33 new laws. The 25 states expanding voting access have passed 62 laws.

  The disparity between states will only grow due to these laws, with many different states creating restrictions on voting being already difficult to vote in. These laws, whether restrictions or expansions on voting, are controversial.

  Some argue that voting needs to be further restricted, as voter fraud hinders the democracy that the United States has created. The opposing argument is that voting restrictions are taking away democracy through lessening the people’s voice in their government. This is largely an issue resulting from different party opinions, with many Republicans desiring less accessible voting and Democrats wanting more ease in voting accessibility.

  However, many different articles find that there are extremely low levels of voter fraud, or at the very least little evidence for it. Whether voter fraud is as common as it is alleged or not, the controversy surrounding it will add to the discrepancy between states’ voter turnout. 

  In the 2021 legislative sessions, over 425 different bills among 49 states on the topic of voting rights have been introduced. This shows the way in which voting laws will continue to be a topic for debate, and these disparities in voting could grow in the future. Solutions lie within bipartisanship, interstate collaboration, and possible federal action.